Examining the Future of Bitcoin - Stratfor

Bitcoin Data Science (Pt. 3): Dust & Thermodynamics - We examine the history and future of dust: containers (UTXOs) of bitcoin that cost more to spend in fees than they hold.

Bitcoin Data Science (Pt. 3): Dust & Thermodynamics - We examine the history and future of dust: containers (UTXOs) of bitcoin that cost more to spend in fees than they hold. submitted by StopAndDecrypt to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Examining the Accuracy of Mark Price Data on BitMEX Bitcoin Futures

Examining the Accuracy of Mark Price Data on BitMEX Bitcoin Futures submitted by theswapman to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Examining the Accuracy of Mark Price Data on BitMEX Bitcoin Futures

Examining the Accuracy of Mark Price Data on BitMEX Bitcoin Futures submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Crypto currency

Crypto currency is the Future. Along these lines, we are helping our guests to pick the best Crypto currency opportunity. Our guests are individuals who are searching for best Crypto openings on earth. Here in this piece we have recorded the top crypto chances to research. Arranging has been given reliant on studies and public intrigue
Crypto money related structures have overwhelmed the monetary world over the most recent couple of years so it's nothing unanticipated that Crypto Currency is making in ubiquity bit by bit. Thusly, we at currency Education need to assist you with examining this universe of Crypto Trading.
We have amassed a couple, instructive, convincing Crypto currency Articles which will ideally help you in your essential target to figure out how to exchange Crypto cash related structures. We trust you will locate these free Crypto currency Articles accommodating what's more should see you on one of our free Crypto currency Courses sooner rather than later.
What you truly need to search for are crypto budgetary structures that give the most prospects that have enough capriciousness without being exorbitantly hazardous. There are as yet a huge amount of chances to benefit by Lite coin. It is as of not long ago an easily seen name and one of the essential crypto currencies to purchase today.
Your excursion into crypto currency begins with downloading a wallet. The Cryptocurrencybizopps.com Wallet awards you to securely store and experience your Bit coin and Bitcoin Cash, close by other crypto assets. The quick arranging motor lets you successfully exchange any of the accessible exchanging sets.
https://www.cryptocurrencybizopps.com
submitted by acclevantnew321 to u/acclevantnew321 [link] [comments]

Crypto currency

Crypto currency is the Future. Along these lines, we are helping our guests to pick the best Crypto currency opportunity. Our guests are individuals who are searching for best Crypto openings on earth. Here in this piece we have recorded the top crypto chances to research. Arranging has been given reliant on studies and public intrigue
Crypto money related structures have overwhelmed the monetary world over the most recent couple of years so it's nothing unanticipated that Crypto Currency is making in ubiquity bit by bit. Thusly, we at currency Education need to assist you with examining this universe of Crypto Trading.
We have amassed a couple, instructive, convincing Crypto currency Articles which will ideally help you in your essential target to figure out how to exchange Crypto cash related structures. We trust you will locate these free Crypto currency Articles accommodating what's more should see you on one of our free Crypto currency Courses sooner rather than later.
What you truly need to search for are crypto budgetary structures that give the most prospects that have enough capriciousness without being exorbitantly hazardous. There are as yet a huge amount of chances to benefit by Lite coin. It is as of not long ago an easily seen name and one of the essential crypto currencies to purchase today.
Your excursion into crypto currency begins with downloading a wallet. The Cryptocurrencybizopps.com Wallet awards you to securely store and experience your Bit coin and Bitcoin Cash, close by other crypto assets. The quick arranging motor lets you successfully exchange any of the accessible exchanging sets.
https://www.cryptocurrencybizopps.com
submitted by acclevantnew321 to u/acclevantnew321 [link] [comments]

😯 600 000 BTC

😯 600 000 BTC
Who owns 600,000 BTC? October is a profitable month for DeFi. 2016 and 2020 halving comparison. And our Moni portfolio update :) Digest, guys!
https://preview.redd.it/eeakwmdqo2t51.png?width=1801&format=png&auto=webp&s=a83a82db2ec9c784d9d0c83829ef11cbf49f9681
Today, in 2012, Felix Baumgartner successfully jumped to Earth from a balloon in the stratosphere. And while people are competing in who will jump from a higher altitude, Bitcoin and friends are preparing to jump in the opposite direction. Personally, we plan to take a ride with crypto TO THE MOON 🌝
Come join us!

Our glorious journey to Tesla continues!
Moni Portfolio
https://preview.redd.it/xm0x90eso2t51.png?width=6184&format=png&auto=webp&s=1ed3cab907be6b947d3c060b9e5cfad0a3fbccb2
We continue to invest in crypto, chasing the aim of buying a Tesla. Follow us here. Yes, also, our app will be released really soon, so follow not to miss anything 😉.
The market is one giant storm, but we are confidently maintaining the course towards our target. +$20 this week, thanks, BTC and UNI, for that!
We have not bought anything new so far, we're examining the situation. 🕵️
Check out the screenshots of the Moni app 💜

The market is shared by private individuals
Guys are in 🤞🤞🤞
https://preview.redd.it/i47sb9tto2t51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=9e4c99dc2d2ba7f0a76dba333dba090014888d15
According to bitcointreasuries.org, 15 companies own a total of almost 600,000 BTC (2.85% of all bitcoins). This is approximately $6.9 billion at the current exchange rate.
The largest among independent investors is MicroStrategy Inc., which bought BTC to ensure its reserves are protected against dollar inflation. This summer, MicroStrategy has invested $425 million in BTC, and since then, this amount has grown to $442 million.
Next comes Galaxy Digital Holdings, with 16,651 BTC worth about $192 million at a current exchange rate. The third and largest in the list by market capitalization is Square Inc, belonging to Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey. Just last week, it announced that it had invested $50 million or 1% of its assets in Bitcoin.
Separately, there are companies that help clients invest in BTC. Grayscale Investments accounts for a large share of the total investment volume in the GBTC trust, which holds 449,596 BTC for $5.2 billion.
So what?
This amount is certainly impressive! The most important thing is that private investors are well-known and respected people.
Giants and dreamers, as well as just farsighted people, are marching towards mass adoption. Everyone else should take their places already; Bitcoin ain't a bubble, it's a pin 📌

October: profitable month
Money flows, Money calls 💴

https://preview.redd.it/cyszgb4xo2t51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=0229675f53300474bbe1058431d44a5e5425490f
The first half of October was very interesting in terms of investments, attracted by DeFi projects, with more funds raised in 13 days of October than throughout September ($77 million in October vs $30.2 million in September).
Infographics: @ico_analytic.
So what?
DeFi is growing fast, luring new investors. FOMO, created in 2017, still lives in the heads of many people and already mingled with FOLO, so they can't afford to miss the second wave.
Headlines
Binance launches trading of perpetual KSM/USDT futures contracts with up to 50x leverage tomorrow at 7:00 AM (UTC).
Meme of the day

https://preview.redd.it/mo6aigi0p2t51.jpg?width=635&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=991d254a801239304e947b8acd9efddf2b3e72c2
Thanks for reading! Join our crazy project here: battles.getmoni.io and let's schwifty!
submitted by getmonimaker to u/getmonimaker [link] [comments]

Crypto currency

Crypto currency is the Future. Along these lines, we are helping our guests to pick the best Crypto currency opportunity. Our guests are individuals who are searching for best Crypto openings on earth . Here in this piece we have recorded the top crypto chances to research . Arranging has been given reliant on studies and public intrigue
Crypto money related structures have overwhelmed the monetary world over the most recent couple of years so it's nothing unanticipated that Crypto Currency is making in ubiquity bit by bit. Thusly, we at currency Education need to assist you with examining this universe of Crypto Trading.
We have amassed a couple, instructive, convincing Crypto currency Articles which will ideally help you in your essential target to figure out how to exchange Crypto cash related structures. We trust you will locate these free Crypto currency Articles accommodating what's more should see you on one of our free Crypto currency Courses sooner rather than later.
What you truly need to search for are crypto budgetary structures that give the most prospects, that have enough capriciousness without being exorbitantly hazardous. There are as yet a huge amount of chances to benefit by Litecoin. It is as of not long ago an easily seen name and one of the essential cryptocurrencies to purchase today.
Your excursion into cryptocurrency begins with downloading a wallet. The Cryptocurrencybizopps.com Wallet awards you to securely store and experience your Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash, close by other crypto assets.The quick arranging motor lets you successfully exchange any of the accessible exchanging sets.
https://www.cryptocurrencybizopps.com
submitted by acclevantsoftwares to u/acclevantsoftwares [link] [comments]

An Ethereum based work of art just sold for $100K. A bit of hype right now around NFTs, but Ethereum's high-end crypto art market is actually really interesting. Overview here.

An Ethereum based work of art just sold for $100K. A bit of hype right now around NFTs, but Ethereum's high-end crypto art market is actually really interesting. Overview here.
With DeFi markets sputtering earlier this week, crypto twitter seemed to suddenly shift its attention to the next shiny new thing this week: NFTs, or non-fungible tokens.
But NFTs aren’t new. In crypto, the concept has been around for over 5 years. However, this market cycle, they are inherently more interesting. Today, I’ll briefly sum up what NFTs are and dig into one fascinating aspect of this market: high-end crypto art.
What are NFTs
Items that are fungible can be replaced with another identical item without anyone caring. For example, any $5 bill can buy a hotdog just as effectively as any other. Bitcoin, ether and pretty much any crypto asset you see on messari.io fall into the “fungible” bucket.
Items that are non-fungible are unique and can’t be exchanged 1 to 1. The simplest example being art. Try asking the people at the Louvre to swap your 5 year-old’s crudely painted hand-turkey with the Mona Lisa and you’ll experience true non-fungibility.
https://preview.redd.it/wabbc50v0cp51.png?width=599&format=png&auto=webp&s=22a525f284411f461d4d8399d76b840e8dad10fa
So in the crypto world, NFTs are simply tokens that represent something unique. Unsurprisingly, NFTs attached to unique pieces of purely digital artwork are gaining steam.
Crypto’s Art Scene
In many ways, much of crypto is simply the recreation of existing human behaviors in a purely digital environment. Markets. Trading. Lending. Borrowing. Speculation. As such, it should be no surprise that markets have formed around trading and speculating on works of digital art.
Like NFTs, crypto art markets have been around for years. As with NFTs and DeFi as a whole, the underlying technology is much more mature this cycle. Add in the fact that there’s a ton of freshly created wealth in the space from DeFi’s casino summer, and you get a crypto art market that’s heating up. After all, investors need to park all those DeFi gains somewhere.
Nowhere is this combination of technological sophistication and wealth on display than in this piece from Matt Kane titled, “Right Place - Right Time” that sold for almost $100K on a platform called Async Art.
https://preview.redd.it/qq5j33ua1cp51.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=82833bb1eeb4af49f53e2c171fc8da93f32d1688
Right Place - Right Time
If you look at the above screenshot of Matt Kane’s work, it just looks like a cool piece of Bitcoin art. What’s under the hood is what makes it interesting. Kane wrote an algorithm that’s tied into a BTC pricing feed. Every 12 hours, the algorithm updates the piece based on Bitcoin’s volatility from that day, which you can see on display in this GIF.
In addition to being an evolving work of art, there are a few other components that make this interesting. For one, Kane has retained an ownership token that allows him to fine-tune the piece over time - a novel aspect of NFT based artwork that allows the artist to retain some level of control over the work. Artwork no longer has to remain static, and instead, can adapt and evolve as an artist builds upon their work over time.
Secondly, as this piece responds to the rhythms of bitcoin volatility, it will mint 210 individual NFTs based on significant days of movement. For example, say BTC hit’s $20K, a new NFT will be minted and sold based on what the piece looks like on that day. Whoever buys that NFT will have the ability to claim a physical print version.
The next point of interest are the rights baked into the sale. The work was purchased by a collector going by the name of TokenAngels. As the piece generates and sells new NFTs, TokenAngels will receive 21% of each new sale. So in addition to the potential for the work to increase in value, it’s also a productive asset. Again, something fundamentally new, all codified into the underlying work
A Shift in the Balance
Traditional art is a $65 Billion dollar market, with the balance of power firmly in the hands of wealthy collectors.
There was an infamous contemporary art sale in the 1970’s by a collector named Robert Scull. Scull bought up works from living artists around the world from $600-$10,000 and then sold them at auction for many multiples of his purchasing price. All-in-all, Scull’s total collection sold for an unheard of $2.2M ($14.7 million adjusted for inflation today).
While this auction is credited for the birth of the highly speculative contemporary art market, Scull was criticized for how little of the windfall went to the actual artists. For example, Scull bought a piece from an artist named Robert Rauschenberg called, “Thaw” for $900 and sold it for $85,000. Rauschenberg didn’t see a dime in royalties.
NFTs come with the benefit of more artist-friendly terms, leading to a shift in the balance of power between artist and collector. Note that TokenAngels receives 21% of the residual NFT sales from Matt Kane’s piece, not 100%. Similarly, an NFT art marketplace called SuperRare bakes a 10% creator royalty commission into all secondary sales - something Robert Rauschenberg would have appreciated in 1973.
A New Frontier
More artist-friendly terms along with curated marketplaces like SuperRare and Async Art are attracting a flood of new artists into the space. For a profession that’s notoriously impoverished, the allure of large amounts of money sloshing around these markets make crypto art even harder to ignore.
In addition to Matt Kane, we’re already seeing early signs of a new breed of artists. Another name gaining steam is an artist that goes by the name of Pak. In true crypto fashion, Pak is completely anonymous and there’s speculation over whether their art is the product of one person or of artificial-intelligence produced by a collective of engineers. Pak has over 140K twitter followers and has sold over $350K in NFT artwork, including this piece that recently went for around $10K.
Given that this is crypto, it’s also worth noting just how ripe these markets are for manipulation. Imagine how easy it would be for a whale to purchase a Pak piece for $10K, sell it to a friend for $25K, buy it back for $50K and then sell it to an unsuspecting speculator for $100K. Wash trading has already become problematic on a platform called Rarible and undoubtedly is taking place. (Rarible has recently introduced platform fees in order to disincentivize wash trading, although it likely won’t be a bullet-proof solution to the problem).
What’s Next
Wash trading aside, all of this speaks to the fact that the NFT hype isn’t without merit. These are new behaviors uniquely made possible through new marketplaces primarily built on Ethereum. And crypto art is only the beginning.
NFTs can and will be used to represent other non-fungible items. The obvious being other forms of creative outputs like music. Less obvious but equally intriguing are financial contracts like insurance. Imagine taking out a policy on your work of art that insures against loss of the work’s private keys.
The integration of DeFi primitives into the NFT space is accelerating rapidly. For example, using a platform called NFTfi, you can now post your NFT as collateral and take out an ETH denominated loan. Another platform, Niftex enables NFT holders to fractionalize their assets into multiple tradeable tokens. While these applications are new, it’s not hard to see them taking off alongside the rest of the crypto art and NFT market.
In a few decades, the rise of Ethereum art markets might be comparable to Robert Scull’s introduction of the speculative contemporary art market. The key difference is that this time, artists will be well compensated for their work. Perhaps the masterpieces of the future will be on display in galleries held in metaverses like Decentraland, each insured by NFT policies, on loan from the collector with the original artists still collecting royalties on their work years after inception.
Source: Messari
Stay up on all-things NFT
Mason Nystrom has been a great source for all-things Web 3 and NFTs, so give him a follow on twitter,
More resources (paywall warning)

submitted by CryptigoVespucci to ethereum [link] [comments]

Fidelity Digital Investments: Bitcoin As an Aspirational Store of Value System

Interesting thesis from Fidelity's Digital Assets research head where they examine the factors that make bitcoin appealing as a potential store of value. I've highlighted some of the key points but I suggest people read the entire report.
In this piece, we will focus on the view that Bitcoin is an aspirational store of value. We explore the inherent characteristics that position Bitcoin to fulfill this role in the future, consider whether it is being used in this way today, and discuss factors that may drive greater demand for such utility.
Bitcoin’s digital scarcity
A robust store of value asset retains purchasing power over long periods of time. An emerging store of value grows purchasing power until it stabilizes. The key characteristics that are cited in reference to good stores of value are scarcity, portability, durability and divisibility. The most important of these attributes is arguably scarcity, which is essential for protecting against the depreciation of real value in the long run. Scarcity means there is a limited quantity of the asset in question, more cannot be easily created, and it is impossible to counterfeit.
One of bitcoin’s most novel innovations is its unforgeable digital scarcity. Investors believe this property is foundational in understanding and appreciating bitcoin.
The bitcoin supply is perfectly inelastic and is not susceptible to supply shocks. Supply does not respond to changes in production capacity (i.e. greater hash power) in response to heightened demand driving prices higher. Even gold, which has been used as a store of value for millennia, is not immune to supply shocks. While the ability for increased production in response to an increase in demand is limited, gold is not perfectly inelastic.
Decentralized checks and balances
Bitcoin’s monetary policy was established when it was created. Its credibility is enforced in part by decentralization and proof-of-work mining. Bitcoin has a leaderless network of decentralized full nodes (computers running bitcoin software), in which every node stores the ledger of transactions and performs transaction verification independently, checking that rules are being followed. Because of this redundancy, there is no central point of failure. Full nodes that verify transactions are distinct from miners who expend energy to process transactions and mint bitcoin. Unlike mining, transaction verification does not require significant resources in the form of hardware or electricity. Thus, any computer can join the distributed network to store and verify bitcoin transactions. Today tens of thousands of nodes perform this function.
In addition to preventing transactions that don’t follow consensus rules, the level of decentralization that exists in the bitcoin network protects core properties such as the 21 million fixed supply by making it virtually impossible to change. No central party has sole discretion over bitcoin’s monetary policy. Rather, such a change would require significant social coordination among stakeholders (e.g. users, miners and those running full nodes). Most stakeholders believe bitcoin has value because of its digital scarcity, resulting in negligible support for such a change
DEMAND DRIVERS
Investors believe that the next wave of awareness and adoption could be driven by external factors such as unprecedented levels of intervention by central banks and governments, record low interest rates, increasing fiat money supply, deglobalization and the potential for ensuing inflation, all of which have been accelerated by the pandemic and economic shutdown. Longer-term tailwinds that could fuel adoption include the use of bitcoin to preserve wealth amidst “slow and steady” inflation and the looming generational wealth transfer to millennials, who view bitcoin more favorably than other demographics.
Current interest in bitcoin’s store of value properties
Tudor Investment Corporation’s decision to allocate to bitcoin in the Tudor BVI fund is evidence that unprecedented levels of monetary growth is driving institutional interest in bitcoin’s store of value properties. Paul Tudor Jones, founder and Chief Investment Officer, and Lorenzo Giorgianni, Head of Global Research articulated the rationale for investing in bitcoin in their May 2020 investor letter, “The Great Monetary Inflation.” The Tudor Investments team scored financial assets, fiat cash, gold and bitcoin based on four characteristics that define store of value assets – purchasing power, trustworthiness, liquidity, portability. Bitcoin’s score was 60% of the score of financial assets, but 1/1200th of the market cap of financial assets and it was 66% of the score of gold, but 1/60th of the market cap, concluding, “Something appears to be wrong here and my guess is that it’s the price of Bitcoin.” While many have expressed the same reasoning, this was seen as a watershed moment, given the thesis and investment was from a traditional hedge fund manage legendary macro investor (Paul Tudor Jones) and former Deputy Director of the Strategy, Policy and Review Department at the IMF (Lorenzo Giorgianni)ix.
Conclusion
Bitcoin’s inherent properties have given rise to the perspective that bitcoin has the potential to be a store of value, with complementary and interdependent components – the decentralized settlement network (Bitcoin) and its digitally scarce native asset (bitcoin). Equally important is the consideration of demand for bitcoin’s unique features – there is no long-term value to create or store if there is no sustained demand for these properties.
External forces that are accelerating interest and investment in bitcoin include unprecedented levels and exotic forms of monetary and fiscal stimulus globally with unknown consequences. This is exacerbating the concerns that Bitcoin was designed to address and is leading more investors and users towards bitcoin as an “insurance policy” that may provide protection against the unknown consequences. Simultaneously, the massive transfer of wealth from the older generation to a younger demographic is a more gradual but important long-term tailwind, as younger people view bitcoin more favorably. This is an important catalyst for bitcoin adoption as they inherit and grow their wealth. While bitcoin is not guaranteed to succeed as a store of value, should sustainable long-term demand for the use case not materialize, the tailwinds mentioned above should drive incremental demand for a novel asset with unique properties. Additionally, as we will examine in future parts in our bitcoin investment thesis series, Bitcoin’s strength is that it has properties that allow it to serve multiple functions, further hardening the likelihood of its success as measured by growth in value.
submitted by Tiaan to investing [link] [comments]

debunking the propaganda against Bitcoin Cash

ON FULL NODES
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/every-bitcoin-user-needs-a-full-node-is-a-self-defeating-argument-5004bcbd95ef
ON DECENTRALIZATION
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/decentralization-trade-offs-and-the-extremism-of-bitcoin-core-c98d475d1216
https://keepingstock.net/examining-bitfurys-scaling-research-9d62cb725477
ON FEES:
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/why-does-bitcoin-have-ridiculously-high-fees-and-slow-confirmations-e3fd58258a6d
ON SPV:
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/why-every-bitcoin-user-should-understand-spv-security-520d1d45e0b9
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/spv-as-implemented-today-is-exactly-as-described-in-the-bitcoin-whitepaper-2a65265afbec
ON THE SCALING DEBATE:
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/how-the-bitcoin-cryptocurrency-community-lost-its-way-and-how-we-can-find-it-again-7a18a389a37
https://keepingstock.net/an-open-letter-to-bitcoin-miners-c260467e1f0
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/why-bitcoin-cash-will-dominate-ce9a67fc70e9
ON "THE REAL" BITCOIN
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/who-gets-to-decide-the-rules-in-bitcoin-c6d8ade53e52
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/12-reasons-bitcoin-cash-is-the-real-bitcoin-8d5547988374
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/jimmy-song-tries-to-claim-bitcoin-cash-is-fiat-money-seriously-e53a3706d41c
ON P2P CASH
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/charlie-lee-is-wrong-lightning-is-not-more-p2p-than-bitcoin-8c35abe69d93
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/the-bitcoin-social-contract-21-million-coins-and-the-future-of-peer-to-peer-cash-5d310a54fbb4
ON THE LIGHTNING NETWORK:
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/mathematical-proof-that-the-lightning-network-cannot-be-a-decentralized-bitcoin-scaling-solution-1b8147650800
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/continued-discussion-on-why-lightning-network-cannot-scale-883c17b2ef5b
https://news.bitcoin.com/lightning-network-centralization-leads-economic-censorship/
https://www.yours.org/content/clarifying-my-objections-to-the-lightning-network-2f9d3aa154e5
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/lightning-network-vs-bitcoin-cash-for-the-non-technical-person-7ea2b9a657f5
https://read.cash/@jonald_fyookball/the-final-word-on-the-lightning-network-de7e259c
ON THE DECLINE OF BTC
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/is-this-the-beginning-of-the-end-of-btc-2687bb83181
https://medium.com/@jonaldfyookball/by-far-the-biggest-crypto-scam-ever-and-its-still-happening-a23ed102d039
submitted by jonald_fyookball to btc [link] [comments]

yEarn in trouble? Kirby’s gone, Andre reportedly quit, YFI lawsuit? Let’s straighten things out.

yEarn in trouble? Kirby’s gone, Andre reportedly quit, YFI lawsuit? Let’s straighten things out.

https://preview.redd.it/c1q19gjm7os51.png?width=1280&format=png&auto=webp&s=7ab151cc34ebb3371203e4d39b78fab389d89e7a
There have been a lot dramatic issues that have popped up with relation to yEarn in the past few days. In this article, we will examine them one by one and see if there is cause for concern.
BLUE KIRBY

https://preview.redd.it/y7t8tw5o7os51.png?width=666&format=png&auto=webp&s=a6ac3394e52c18b15203e0543edb99a34e3d2559
Once the official mascot of yEarn, the meme-heavy anon twitter account has been deactivated, after being doxxed on 4chan (the thread was subsequently deleted). His actions had been very suspicious, including selling yEarn leaks to subscribers of a paid group and selling his YFI holdings while shilling the project (he claimed to be moving them through a privacy protocol called Tornado Cash). Things began to spiral out of control and he became increasingly paranoid. His last few tweet were promoting a new product, Off Blue, which was meant to be selling digital NFTs (something like an art house auction program). That project seems to have been stopped, but at the time of writing they’ve promised to return ETH to buyers of their NFTs via a portal on their site. All of this happened a few days after stepping down from any official capacity with yEarn Finance due to the EMN scandal.
COINDESK ARTICLE CLAIMS ANDRE CRONJE QUIT DeFi
https://preview.redd.it/xdtggk9q7os51.png?width=1108&format=png&auto=webp&s=bcb471108b8085b5e1fcaaca1c016e70f6b72b0a
In a coindesk.com article dated Oct. 9, 2020, Brady Dale wrote that Andre Cronje told him in a telegram chat that he’d quit DeFi and specifically ceased to develop for yEarn.
Their journalistic decision to publish information based on a private conversation that they were asked not to publish does cast some doubt on their decision making, as does the fact that Andre himself tweeted that he’s ‘Still here. Still building. Nothing has changed. Anyone that says otherwise fuck off. I’m just done tweeting and being on social media.’ Did this refutation deter coindesk? While they did acknowledge the same-day tweet response, their own response was “This article accurately reflects the Telegram chats and we stand by it.”
Digging a bit deeper, we uncovered the fact that CoinDesk is owned by the same company that owns Grayscale, a prominent digital currency investment fund. Grayscale holds a massive supply of Bitcoin, so perhaps there’s some incentive to downplay altcoins and the integrity of yEarn however this is my personal opinion. The key thing to remember is that everyone has their own incentives and are trying to better their personal situation.
COINTELEGRAPH ARTICLE CLAIMING LAWSUIT AGAINST ANDRE CRONJE
https://preview.redd.it/7pqvfmds7os51.png?width=1530&format=png&auto=webp&s=3c4ab46329c8cba78f066440e5d9d61faa58c9c4
In another piece of questionable journalism, cointelegraph posted an article which cites a solitary, completely anonymous source stating a group is raising capital for a lawsuit. They’re raising this capital simply by publishing an ETH address and promising that the funds will go toward a future lawsuit, despite the jurisdiction or parties involved being totally opaque.
This post has several hallmarks of a scam: big promises, anonymous, no recourse or contact details. This begs the question, why would cointelegraph publish it? No one else appears to be taking the legal threat seriously; thus far the fund’s ETH address has raised 0.3857 ETH ($144) and some FEW tokens.
I urge the readers of this article to look past the noise and make deductions for themselves. People in the crypto space, as in all industries, are out for the betterment of themselves, their families and friends. Do your own research, especially when it comes to investing. Check multiple sources, listen to people across the crypto spectrum, and come to your own conclusions.
For a video explainer on all this, check here.
submitted by ggabriel8 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Top Trends for Custom Software Development In 2020

Top Trends for Custom Software Development In 2020
Over the past decade, the IT industry has been prosperous with the coming of many innovative technologies. One of the most asked questions by developers who work for Software Development Company is whether the technologies that they’re going to invest in will still be popular tomorrow, or in the next year? Nobody wants to invest in a technology that’s going to be outdated.
The software development industry has been changing at an exceptionally quick movement because of the presentation of new advancements, for example, Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain. Those advances help advance and change software into a basic aspect of individuals' regular daily existences. For instance: a few applications in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, for example, Chatbots will turn out to be profoundly cutting-edge sooner rather than later, permitting organizations to furnish their clients with an exceptionally customized and uniquely custom-made help insight.
One of the undisputed facts in the IT industry is that one technology can easily disappear due to lack of progress and/or also because other technologies can do the same things better and easier. Thus, software development outsourcing companies need to stay up to date with the latest trends of technologies to ensure they can stay ahead of the competition in the near and long-term future. In this article, we discuss some of the trends that going to be dominant in 2020:

Custom Software Development

1. Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning Development

Today, many business organizations consider digital transformation as a critical part of their overall business plan to innovate themselves in order to thrive in the market. Machine learning and AI are often considered as the leading driving force assisting businesses with their quest for digital transformation. It is estimated that the AI industry is going to generate billions of dollars in revenue in the coming years, which means AI and Machine Learning are going to be in the focus of the IT industry in the near future. Artificial intelligence and Machine Learning permit business associations to change and mechanize different cycles in their everyday business activity. Various use cases for AI and Machine Learning in organizations incorporate chatbot, large information, extortion location, and Predictive examination, and so forth These are generally viable instances of AI development that improve business measures, along with upgrading client support insight. Henceforth, software development organizations should watch out for this zone of AI and Machine Learning Development.

2. Blockchain Technology

Even though Bitcoin and other crypto-currency assets reached their all-time high in 2017 (and have since cooled down), the application of the blockchain technology – that is the key ingredient behind the success of cryptocurrency – is still particularly popular and gaining adoption in various industries such as Fintech, Healthcare, and others. One example of blockchain technology is that it allows businesses organizations to perform many large scale direct transactions within a shorter timeframe (compared to the traditional methods) without the requirement of intermediaries that might be costly and/or time-consuming. Much offshore software development outsourcing company can receive the benefits of developing blockchain-based applications.

3. Software Development and Big Data

Data is essential to ensure the success of digital transformation for businesses. The amount of data captured and available to business seems to increase exponentially day by day. However, without analysis, raw data won’t be of much help to the business unless valuable insights can be gathered from analyzing from such data. Big data is one particular area of interest that making massive changes as to how IT services companies can help businesses making predictions and improving their decision makings based on insights gathered from data. Many software applications are now being developed to help businesses gain competitive advantages in this age of digital transformation.

4. Cyber Security is still very important

As mentioned previously, many companies are currently going through digital transformation, hence they're potential for exposure to security risks such as hacking and malware is going to increase significantly. Considering the cost and time and effort putting into restoring the whole enterprise IT system after an attack, it is better that companies apply security measures to prevent attacks before it happening. Thus, cybersecurity is still one very important area of the whole software development industries and businesses should expect to be ready for external penetration testing and security audits on their IT infrastructure throughout their digital transformation process. Additionally, custom software development companies should focus on enhancing the in-built security measures of their products in order to comply with applicable security laws and regulations. Eliminating vulnerabilities and enhancing security is always of high priority to both customer companies as their software outsourcing partner.

Conclusion

Software development is changing at a lightning speed with the new technologies being introduced regularly to transform and improve the quality of the software products. Developers who are well-versed in the relevant technologies together with the right experience will have the upper hand and continue to rise. It’s important that software application developers and development companies recognize the trends to keep up with the industry standards as well as benefiting themselves from it.
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A blockchain, at first square chain, is a creating overview of records, called blocks, that are associated using cryptography..A blockchain is essentially a modernized record of trades that is duplicated and passed on over the entire association of PC systems on the blockchain.

If you have a request or an issue with the wallet, we encourage you to scrutinize our Support Center. You can scrutinize articles by methods for the essential arrangements on the presentation page or use the chase bar honestly to check whether your request starting at now has an answer.

On the off chance that you can't find an answer for your request or answer for your issue on the Support Center, you can introduce a pass to our support bunch here. You should take note of that we don't offer support through phone starting at now and don't have a number that you can call. For tips on introducing a ticket, take a gander at our blog passage with respect to the issue.

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In the improvement of the web, one can include accomplishment occasions that can be utilized to bind the cycle into stages. Among these important accomplishments are the production of the basic wide-zone PC networks during the 1960s, the improvement of an electronic mail framework during the 1970s, the advancement of ethernet later in that decade, the start of the web during the 1990s and the formation of the standard ventures and web records later in that decade, among others. Following these brand name upgrades, the web changed in an exciting way. Each development was vital in making the web that we know and depend upon today.

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In like way, it's conceivable to recall the movement blockchain furthermore package it into stages which are confined by significant new turns of events and enhancements. Blockchain improvement has as of late been in presence for an unobtrusive amount of the time that the web has, so it's probable this blockchain to come. Certainly, even now, in any case, geniuses have started to portion the chronicled view of blockchain into in any event three critical stages.

While the considerations that would go into the blockchain were turning around in programming planning associations, it was the pseudonymous maker of, who plot the blockchain as we probably am careful it in the for BTC. In this way, blockchain headway started with the Bitcoin affiliation. While blockchain has since kept on observing use in a monstrous gathering of in some sense it was orchestrated marvelously for this and for actuating the objectives of modernized budgetary structures considerably more widely.

In the most brief stages, blockchain set up of a typical straightforwardly accessible report that strengthens a serious money affiliation. Satoshi's concept of blockchain utilizes 1 megabyte (MB) squares of data on bitcoin exchanges. Squares are related together through a , plotting a consistent chain. Certainly, even in its most trustworthy appearances, blockchain advancement set up huge numbers of the Blockchain Support Number focal highlights of these structures, which remain today. Positively, bitcoin's blockchain remains commonly unaltered from these most dependable endeavors.

Stage 2: Smart Contracts

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As time went on, organizers started to recognize that a blockchain could accomplish some different option from record exchanges. Makers of , for example, had the probability that and trust plans could comparatively profit by blockchain the board. Thusly, ethereum addresses the second-age of the blockchain advancement.

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Stage 3: The Future

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In what limit will particular specialists give assistance with getting started with Blockchain?

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A blockchain, at first square chain, is a creating summary of records, called blocks, that are associated using cryptography..A blockchain is essentially an automated record of trades that is replicated and passed on over the entire association of PC structures on the blockchain.

If you have a request or an issue with the wallet, we encourage you to examine our Support Center. You can examine articles by methods for the essential orders on the greeting page or use the chase bar genuinely to check whether your request starting at now has an answer.

On the off chance that you can't find an answer for your request or answer for your issue on the Support Center, you can introduce a pass to our support bunch here. You should take note of that we don't offer support through phone starting at now and don't have a number that you can call. For tips on introducing a ticket, take a gander at our blog section with respect to the issue.

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To be the first to know when we turn out new features or conveyance new substance, follow us on Twitter, like us on Facebook, or purchase in to our blog. You can in like manner interface with us truly on Twitter.

In the improvement of the web, one can include accomplishment occasions that can be utilized to restrict the cycle into stages. Among these imperative accomplishments are the production of the basic wide-zone PC networks during the 1960s, the improvement of an electronic mail framework during the 1970s, the advancement of ethernet later in that decade, the start of the web during the 1990s and the formation of the guideline ventures and web records later in that decade, among others. Following these brand name improvements, the web changed in an exciting way. Each development was basic in making the web that we know and depend upon today.

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In like way, it's conceivable to remember the movement blockchain furthermore package it into stages which are secluded by critical new turns of events and upgrades. Blockchain advancement has as of late been in presence for a humble amount of the time that the web has, so it's feasible this blockchain to come. Undoubtedly, even now, nevertheless, professionals have started to fragment the chronicled view of blockchain into in any event three significant stages.

While the thoughts that would go into the blockchain were turning around in programming planning associations, it was the pseudonymous maker of, who plot the blockchain as we probably am careful it in the for BTC. Along these lines, blockchain headway started with the Bitcoin affiliation. While blockchain has since kept on observing use in a gigantic gathering of in some sense it was masterminded sensationally for this and for inciting the objectives of modernized monetary structures much more widely.

In the most brief stages, blockchain set up of a typical straightforwardly accessible report that fortifies a serious money affiliation. Satoshi's concept of blockchain utilizes 1 megabyte (MB) squares of data on bitcoin exchanges. Squares are related together through a , illustrating a consistent chain. Undoubtedly, even in its most trustworthy appearances, blockchain improvement set up enormous numbers of the Blockchain Support Number focal highlights of these structures, which remain today. Unquestionably, bitcoin's blockchain remains commonly unaltered from these most solid endeavors.

Stage 2: Smart Contracts

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As time went on, organizers started to recognize that a blockchain could accomplish some different option from record exchanges. Makers of , for example, had the probability that and trust plans could correspondingly profit by blockchain the board. Thusly, ethereum addresses the second-age of the blockchain advancement.

The enormous progress achieved by ethereum was the presence of sharp courses of action. Commonly, contracts in the standard business world are coordinated between two separate substances, at times with different parts helping the oversight cycle. Shrewd plans are those that are self-directing on a blockchain. They are set off by an occasion like the death of an or the accomplishment of a specific worth objective; similarly, the guides itself, making changes moving and without the Blockchain Support Number duty of outside parts.

Directly, we may in any case be correct currently dealing with the new capacity of marvelous courses of action. In this manner, regardless of whether we have really proceeded ahead to the resulting time of the movement of blockchain is definitely not hard to dishonor.

Stage 3: The Future

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One of the basic issues opposing blockchain is scaling. Bitcoin stays furious about exchange preparing events and Many new advanced Blockchain administration number cash related structures have endeavored to overhaul their blockchains to oblige these issues, yet with moving degrees of progress. Later on, one of the most critical improvements making arrangements for blockchain progression continuing will probably have to do with adaptability.

In what limit will particular specialists give assistance with getting started with Blockchain?

Blockchainis one in all the best email benefits that goes with absolutely exceptional and specific other options. It offers tweaked mail aptitude that may assist you with keeping related close by your accomplices, mates and stacks of different individuals. Sending and tolerating messages with Blockchainis done sort of a specialist. Here are a couple of stages that you are expected to follow if you should impel started with the email administrations of Blockchain. We ought to view them:

Open your program and sort mail.Blockchain.com in it.

Snap on "Get FREE Blockchain" to permit the method to begin

The accompanying stage is to pick the email address and Blockchain Support Number mystery word for the record Blockchainaccount.

If you are starting at now having an AIM screen name then you'll use a similar for your present screen name and mystery word. With this, you may get an AIM Mail address that can be supported by the screen name.

In this approach, you'll produce your own recor
submitted by Environmental-Dig671 to u/Environmental-Dig671 [link] [comments]

Digital identification and blockchain

Digital identification and blockchain

Due to constant data leaks, users have raised the question of how to protect their personal information from coming into the hands of intruders. Almost the same issue is raised in large companies that store their customers' data, but with the aim of countering hacking and information leakage.
EXBASE.IO
How can digital identity be improved with blockchain?
When new data is added to the blockchain, it is considered authentic thanks to the nodes that provide the network itself. At the same time, when you try to make any change to one of these blocks, it is simply excluded from the network, and the information remains unchanged thanks to the rest of the blocks.
- Data security. It is worth using blockchain to store information at least due to the fact that the authenticity of the data can be confirmed even without examining this data. This can be achieved through hashing - that means, the data can be encrypted in the form of a code, which, if necessary, can be restored to its original form (for example, a document, signature or image).
- Data exchange. As a consequence of the previous point, it is possible to exchange data without the risk that anyone will find out about its contents. All that attackers get is just a set of characters, which they cannot decipher. At the very least, this suggests that blockchain will be a great addition to digital identity.
There are also a number of disadvantages which you have to know about. Example - data is really impossible to hack, but when part of the information is intercepted, it can be used in pieces, that means, when the attacker has credit card information, he can use it in the financial statement of the money transfer.
While the concept has a number of disadvantages, combining blockchain with digital identity can surely provide significant data security in future.
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Website: https://exbase.io/ru/ Twitter: @exbase_io_ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/exbase.io/ Telegram customer support: https://t.me/Exbaseofficial
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Why Bitcoin Has a Volatile Value?

Price fluctuations in the bitcoin spot rate on cryptocurrency exchanges are driven by many factors. Volatility is measured in traditional markets by the Volatility Index, also known as the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX). More recently, a volatility index for bitcoin has also become available. Known as the Bitcoin Volatility Index, it aims to track the volatility of the world's leading digital currency by market cap over various periods of time.
Bitcoin's value has been historically quite volatile. In a three-month span from October of 2017 to January of 2018, for instance, the volatility of the price of bitcoin reached to nearly 8%. This is more than twice the volatility of bitcoin in the 30-day period ending January 15, 2020. But why is bitcoin so volatile? Here are just a few of the many factors behind bitcoin's volatility.

Bad News Hurts Adoption Rate

News events that scare bitcoin users include geopolitical events and statements by governments that bitcoin is likely to be regulated. Bitcoin's early adopters included several bad actors, producing headline news stories that produced fear in investors.
Headline-making bitcoin news over the decade or so of the cryptocurrency's existence includes the bankruptcy of Mt. Gox in early 2014 and, more recently, that of the South Korean exchange Yapian Youbit. Other news stories which shocked investors include the high-profile use of bitcoin in drug transactions via Silk Road that ended with the FBI shutdown of the marketplace in October 2013.
All these incidents and the public panic that ensued drove the value of bitcoins versus fiat currencies down rapidly. However, bitcoin-friendly investors viewed those events as evidence that the market was maturing, driving the value of bitcoins versus the dollar markedly back up in the short period immediately following the news events.

Bitcoin's Perceived Value Sways

One reason why bitcoin may fluctuate against fiat currencies is the perceived store of value versus the fiat currency. Bitcoin has properties that make it similar to gold. It is governed by a design decision by the developers of the core technology to limit its production to a fixed quantity of 21 million BTC.
Since that differs markedly from fiat currency, which is dynamically managed by governments who want to maintain low inflation, high employment, and satisfactory growth through investment in capital resources, as economies built with fiat currencies show signs of strength or weakness, investors may allocate more or less of their assets into bitcoin.

Uncertainty of Future Bitcoin's Value

Bitcoin volatility is also driven in large part by varying perceptions of the intrinsic value of the cryptocurrency as a store of value and method of value transfer. A store of value is the function by which an asset can be useful in the future with some predictability. A store of value can be saved and exchanged for some good or service in the future.
A method of value transfer is any object or concept used to transmit property in the form of assets from one party to another. Bitcoin’s volatility at the present makes it a somewhat unclear store of value, but it promises nearly frictionless value transfer. As a result, we see that bitcoin's value can swing based on news events much as we observe with fiat currencies.

Large Currency Holder Risks

Bitcoin volatility is also to an extent driven by holders of large proportions of the total outstanding float of the currency. For bitcoin investors with current holdings above around $10M, it is not clear how they would liquidate a position that large into a fiat position without severely moving the market. Indeed, it may not be clear how they would liquidate a position of that size in a short period of time at all, as most cryptocurrency exchanges impose 24-hour withdrawal limits far below that threshold.
Bitcoin has not reached the mass market adoption rates that would be necessary to provide option value to large holders of the currency.

Security Breaches Cause Volatility

Bitcoin can also become volatile when the bitcoin community exposes security vulnerabilities in an effort to produce massive open source responses in the form of security fixes. This approach to security is paradoxically one that produces great outcomes, with many valuable open source software initiatives to its credit, including Linux. Bitcoin developers must reveal security concerns to the public in order to produce robust solutions.
It was a hack that drove the Yapian Youbit to bankruptcy, while many other cryptocurrencies have also made headlines for being hacked or having stashes of cryptocurrencies stolen. As an early example, in April 2014, the OpenSSL vulnerabilities attacked by the Heartbleed bug and reported by Google security's, Neel Mehta, drove Bitcoin prices down by 10% in a month.
Bitcoin and open source software development are built upon the same fundamental premise that a copy of the source code is available to users to examine. This concept makes it the responsibility of the community to voice concerns about the software design, just as it is the responsibility of the community to come to consensus about modifications to that underlying source code as well. Because of the open conversation and debate regarding the Bitcoin network, security breaches tend to be highly publicized.

High-Profile Losses Raise Fear

It is worth noting that the aforementioned thefts and the ensuing news about the losses had a double effect on volatility. They reduced the overall float of bitcoin, producing a potential lift on the value of the remaining bitcoin due to increased scarcity. However, overriding this lift was the negative effect of the news cycle that followed.
Notably, other bitcoin gateways looked to the massive failure at Mt. Gox as a positive for the long term prospects of bitcoin, further complicating the already complex story behind the currency’s volatility. As early adopting firms were eliminated from the market due to poor management and dysfunctional processes, later entrants learn from their errors and build stronger processes into their own operations, strengthening the infrastructure of the cryptocurrency overall.

High-Inflation Nations and Bitcoins

Bitcoin’s use case as a currency for developing countries that are currently experiencing high inflation is valuable when considering the volatility of bitcoin in these economies versus the volatility of bitcoin in USD. Bitcoin is much more volatile versus USD than the high-inflation Argentine peso versus the USD.
That being said, the near frictionless transfer of bitcoins across borders makes it a potentially highly attractive borrowing instrument for Argentineans, as the high inflation rate for peso-denominated loans potentially justifies taking on some intermediate currency volatility risk in a bitcoin-denominated loan funded outside Argentina.
Similarly, funders outside Argentina can earn a higher return under this scheme than they can by using other debt instruments, denominated in their home currency, potentially offsetting some of the risks of exposure to the high inflation Argentine market.

Tax Treatment Lifts Volatility

According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), bitcoin is actually considered an asset for tax purposes. This has had a mixed impact on bitcoin's volatility. On the upside, any statement recognizing the currency has a positive effect on the market valuation of the currency.
Conversely, the decision by the IRS to call it property had at least two negative effects. The first was the added complexity for users who want to use it as a form of payment. Under the new tax law, users would have to record the market value of the currency at the time of every transaction, no matter how small. This need for record keeping can understandably slow adoption as it seems to be too much trouble for what it is worth for many users.
Secondly, the decision to call the currency a form of property for tax purposes may be a signal to some market participants that the IRS is preparing to enforce stronger regulations later. Very strong regulation of the currency could cause the adoption rate of the currency to slow to the point where it is not able to achieve the mass adoption that is critical for its overall utility in society. Recent moves by the IRS are not clear as to their signaling motives and therefore have mixed signals to the market for bitcoin.
submitted by FormerSuggestion8 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Lines of Navigation | Monthly Portfolio Update - July 202

Our little systems have their day;
They have their day and cease to be
- Tennyson, In Memoriam A.H.H.
This is my forty-fourth portfolio update. I complete this update monthly to check my progress against my goal.
Portfolio goal
My objective is to reach a portfolio of $2 180 000 by 1 July 2021. This would produce a real annual income of about $87 000 (in 2020 dollars).
This portfolio objective is based on an expected average real return of 3.99 per cent, or a nominal return of 6.49 per cent.
Portfolio summary
Total portfolio value: $1 800 119 (+$34 376 or 1.9%)
Asset allocation
Presented visually, below is a high-level view of the current asset allocation of the portfolio.
[Chart]
Comments
The portfolio has substantially increased this month, continuing the recovery in portfolio value since March.
The strong portfolio growth of over $34 000, or 1.9 per cent, returns the value of the portfolio close to that achieved at the end of February this year.
[Chart]
This month there was minimal movement in the value of Australian and global equity holdings, There was, however, a significant lift of around 6 per cent in the value of gold exchange traded fund units, as well as a rise in the value of Bitcoin holdings.
These movements have pushed the value of gold holdings to their highest level so far on the entire journey. Their total value has approximately doubled since the original major purchases across 2009 to 2015.
For most of the past year gold has functioned as a portfolio stabiliser, having a negative correlation to movements in Australian equities (of around -0.3 to -0.4). As low and negative bond rates spread across the world, however, the opportunity cost of holding gold is reduced, and its potential diversification benefits loom larger.
The fixed income holdings of the portfolio also continued to fall beneath the target allocation, making this question of what represents a defensive (or negatively correlated to equity) asset far from academic.
This steady fall is a function of the slow maturing of Ratesetter loans, which were largely made between 2015 and 2017. Ratesetter has recently advised of important changes to its market operation, and placed a fixed maximum cap on new loan rates. By replacing market set rates with maximum rates, the peer-to-peer lending platform appears to be shifting to more of a 'intermediated' role in which higher past returns (of around 8 to 9 per cent) will now no longer be possible.
[Chart]
The expanding value of gold and Bitcoin holdings since January last year have actually had the practical effect of driving new investments into equities, since effectively for each dollar of appreciation, for example, my target allocation to equities rises by seven dollars.
Consistent with this, investments this month have been in the Vanguard international shares exchange-traded fund (VGS) using Selfwealth. This has been directed to bring my actual asset allocation more closely in line with the target split between Australian and global shares.
Fathoming out: franking credits and portfolio distributions
Earlier last month I released a summary of portfolio income over the past half year. This, like all before it, noted that the summary was prepared on a purely 'cash' basis, reflecting dividends actually paid into a bank account, and excluding consideration of franking credits.
Franking credits are credits for company tax paid at the company level, which can be passed to individual shareholders, reducing their personal tax liability. They are not cash, but for a personal investor with tax liabilities they can have equivalent value. This means that comparing equity returns to other investments without factoring these credits can produce a distorted picture of an investor's final after-tax return.
In past portfolio summaries I have noted an estimate for franking credits in footnotes, but updating the value for this recently resulted in a curiosity about the overall significance of this neglected element of my equity returns.
This neglect resulted from my perception earlier in the journey that they represented a marginal and abstract factor, which could effectively be assumed away for the sake of simplicity in reporting.
This is not a wholly unfair view, in the sense that income physically received and able to be spent is something definably different in kind than a notional 'pre-payment' credit for future tax costs. Yet, as the saying goes, because the prospect of personal tax is as certain as extinction from this world, in some senses a credit of this kind can be as valuable as a cash distribution.
Restoring the record: trends and drivers of franking credits
To collect a more accurate picture of the trends and drivers of franking credits I relied on a few sources - tax statements, records and the automatic franking credit estimates that the portfolio tracking site Sharesight generates.
The chart below sets out both the level and major different sources of franking credits received over the past eleven years.
[Chart]
From this chart some observations can be made.
The key reason for the rapid growth over the recent decade has been the increased investment holdings in Australian equities. As part of the deliberate rebalancing towards Australian shares across the past two years, these holdings have expanded.
The chart below sets out the total value of Australian shares held over the comparable period.
[Chart]
As an example, at the beginning of this record Australian equities valued at around $276 000 were held. Three years later, the holding were nearly three times larger.
The phase of consistently increasing the Australian equities holding to meet its allocated weighting is largely complete. This means that the period of rapid growth seen in the past few years is unlikely to repeat. Rather, growth will revert to be in proportion to total portfolio growth.
Close to cross-over: the credit card records
One of the most powerful initial motivators to reach financial independence was the concept of the 'cross over' point in Vicki Robins and Joe Dominguez's Your Money or Your Life. This was the point at which monthly expenses are exceeded by investment income.
One of the metrics I have traced is this 'cross-over' point in relation to recorded credit card expenses. And this point is now close indeed.
Expenditures on the credit card have continued their downward trajectory across the past month. The three year rolling average of monthly credit card spending remains at its lowest point over the period of the journey. Distributions on the same basis now meet over 99 per cent of card expenses - with the gap now the equivalent of less than $50 per month.
[Chart]
The period since April of the achievement of a notional and contingent form of financial independence has continued.
The below chart illustrates this temporary state, setting out the the extent to which to which portfolio distributions (red) cover estimated total expenses (green), measured month to month.
[Chart]
An alternative way to view the same data is to examine the degree to which total expenses (i.e. fixed payments not made on credit card added to monthly credit card expenses) are met by distributions received.
An updated version of this is seen in the chart below.
[Chart]
Interestingly, on a trend basis, this currently identifies a 'crossing over' point of trend distributions fully meeting total expenditure from around November 2019. This is not conclusive, however, as the trend curve is sensitive to the unusual COVID-19 related observations of the first half of this year, and could easily shift further downward if normal expense patterns resume.
One issue this analysis raises is what to do with the 'credit card purchases' measure reported below. This measure is designed to provide a stylised benchmark of how close the current portfolio is to a target of generating the income required to meet an annual average credit card expenditure of $71 000.
The problem with this is that continued falling credit card spending means that average credit card spending is lower than that benchmark for all time horizons - measured as three and four year averages, or in fact taken as a whole since 2013. So the set benchmark may, if anything, be understating actual progress compared the graphs and data above by not reflecting changing spending levels.
In the past I have addressed this trend by reducing the benchmark. Over coming months, or perhaps at the end of the year, I will need to revisit both the meaning, and method, of setting this measure.
Progress
Progress against the objective, and the additional measures I have reached is set out below.
Measure Portfolio All Assets
Portfolio objective – $2 180 000 (or $87 000 pa) 82.6% 111.5%
Credit card purchases – $71 000 pa 100.7% 136.0%
Total expenses – $89 000 pa 80.7% 109.0%
Summary
One of the most challenging aspects of closing in on a fixed numerical target for financial independence with risk assets still in place is that the updrafts and downdrafts of market movements can push the goal further away, or surprisingly close.
There have been long period of the journey where the total value of portfolio has barely grown, despite regular investments being made. As an example, the portfolio ended 2018 lower than it started the year. The past six months have been another such period. This can create a sense of treading water.
Yet amidst the economic devastation affecting real lives and businesses, this is an extremely fortunate position to be in. Australia and the globe are set to experience an economic contraction far more severe than the Global Financial Crisis, with a lesser capacity than previously for interest rates to cushion the impact. Despite similar measures being adopted by governments to address the downturn, it is not clear whether these are fit for purpose.
Asset allocation in this environment - of being almost suspended between two realities - is a difficult problem. The history of markets can tell us that just when assets seem most 'broken', they can produce outsized returns. Yet the problem remains that far from being surrounded by broken markets, the proliferation appears to be in bubble-like conditions.
This recent podcast discussion with the founder of Grant's Interest Rate Observer provided a useful historical context to current financial conditions this month. One of the themes of the conversation was 'thinking the unthinkable', such as a return of inflation. Similar, this Hoover Institute video discussion, with a 'Back from the future' premise, provides some entertaining, informed and insightful views on the surprising and contingent nature of what we know to be true.
Some of our little systems may well have had their day, but what could replace them remains obscured to any observer.
The post, links and full charts can be seen here.
submitted by thefiexpl to fiaustralia [link] [comments]

Unikrn Casino 100 free spins and no deposit bonus code

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The Mandela Effect (Part 4 – The Rationalist Cult Member)

This is a continuation of the Mandela Effect story. For the introduction, click here.
How did you first become aware of the Incident?
Do you believe in coincidences?
Um, what?
There’s a system called Bayesian statistics. It’s a mathematical procedure that applies probabilities to statistical problems. This allows people to update their beliefs in the evidence of new data. For example, if somebody beats the stock market once, we might say they got lucky or it was a fluke occurrence. If somebody beats the stock market five times in a row, we would say that they have got some advantage or technique that works better than everybody else, because the chance of beating the stock market five times in a row by pure chance is pretty slim.
I’m not sure how this relates to the Incident.
That’s because you’re not thinking in terms of Bayesian probabilities. The Incident plays havoc with probability. Things that we might consider the unlikeliest of scenarios – like Trump winning – suddenly start happening all the time. Suddenly the weirdest and most outlandishly random things become normal day-to-day occurrences. Like the number 21, or the colors.
Wait, I sound crazy, don’t I? (Laughs) Sorry, I’ve been told that’s a by-product of spending too much time around the Incident. I’m not crazy, I assure you. It’s just that when you see this kind of… reality distortion, for lack of a better word, it’s a little unsettling. Let me start from the beginning.
We found the subject online, as you undoubtedly heard from (the Silicon Valley Mogul). We listed his predictions out. Understand that at this point, we simply thought he was a newly discovered super forecaster. The purpose of listing his predictions was to quantify accuracy. One of these predictions involved Bitcoin. His prediction was that in approximately five years, Bitcoin would collapse. That sounded strange to me, so I crunched the numbers to see what might possibly happen in five years. It turns out that five years from his predicted date is when the last Bitcoin was expected to be mined. You see, Bitcoin was designed to have a finite limit, with each bitcoin being harder to mine than the Bitcoin before it. This limit was intended to artificially inflate the currency, giving a “first mover” advantage to the people who bought into Bitcoin first. In investment terms, the incentives of Bitcoin seem designed to trigger an early adopter gold rush. So apparently our anonymous super forecaster figures that once the last bitcoin is mined, nobody outside of the bitcoin owners will have any incentive to accept the currency, and the speculative bubble will pop, similar to the Dutch tulip mania of 1637. That didn’t strike me as particularly unusual, until we found out about the subject’s odd preference for the number 21 – their calling card, if you will. Do you know what the maximum number of bitcoins is? 21 million. It led me to wonder if perhaps the subject had some involvement in the creation of bitcoin, since he majored in computer science in college and had some background as a former programmer. Could he have indirectly influenced the creator of Bitcoin? It turns out that there’s no way to be sure, since the creator of Bitcoin is completely anonymous and untraceable.
Once I noticed that, other coincidences started to pop up, all involving the number 21 in some way. For example, the subject had predicted early in the Democratic primaries - in his usual shifty unprovable way involving typing and deletion - that Biden would be President Trump’s most dangerous foe. Subsequent to this prediction, Trump made the historic phone call to the Ukraine that led to his impeachment. You know that the first day of Trump’s impeachment trial was January 21st – isn’t that an interesting coincidence? And wasn’t Trump’s first phone call to the Ukraine also on the 21st? These coincidences started to add up in eerily improbable ways, and I found myself a bit reminded of the story of Macbeth.
There’s more. Supposedly, the subject spent a lot of time on a Reddit forum known as dramawhich was also started on the 21st. I started to wonder if the subject had not just predicted these events, but was also somehow causing them. If so, it would have taken unparalleled planning ability to be able to coordinate these events so far ahead of time.
Then the color thing happened, and my whole perspective changed. One singer seemed to be trying particularly hard to get the attention of the subject by creating music videos with the colors that he had specified. The subject said “Why try so hard to signal to me in the present? Just look into your past, and you’ll already see your own future staring right back out at you.” I looked at her music videos, and I realized that a lot of the previous music videos she had made already used the colors that the subject referenced, even though they were dated from before the subject had ever mentioned the colors. It was as if on some subconscious level, this singer had known about the colors retroactively. Once I realized this, I started to examine the subject’s behavior more closely, looking at past events as well as the future. He liked to visit a nearby cemetary a lot, and while there, our cameras caught him reciting a “spell” in front of a tombstone made of rose quartz. It turns out that there were a lot of those rose quartz tombstones in that cemetary – a suspiciously high amount. Upon further research, it turns out that the reason for these rose quartz graves was because of a hurricane that had ripped through New England in 1938 – on September 21st. That was when my worst suspicions were confirmed. Somehow, the incident was affecting time. Had the gravestones always been rose quartz? Or did the spell make the hurricane happen 80 years ago, and so our memories were changed to fit with the new timeline? Ask yourself this – if somebody sent a single photon back in time and created a butterfly effect that altered history, how would you know?
But surely if time was being altered, somebody would have noticed it, right? Well, it turns out that there’s actually quite a lot of people who say that they’ve noticed alterations to the timeline – it’s just that the rest of us don’t believe them. We laugh at them and call them crazy. Hell, a few years I was one of the people laughing at people like that. Well, who’s laughing now? (Laughs hysterically)
What is your interpretation of the Incident?
At one point, the subject seemed frustrated by our attention. “This has all happened before, and you idiots react exactly the same way each time,” he said. What if that’s accurate? History contains countless stories of witches and wizards. Today we laugh at our ancestors for believing in silly stories about magic and faeries, but rationalists and Silicon Valley executives talk quite seriously about the possibility that we are living in a simulation, and that one might be able to partially hack the “user permissions” of reality itself. What if it’s the same thing?
Imagine that you’re some sort of extradimensional being with the ability to hack this “reality matrix” in a few unique ways. According to the subtext of the Spellbook – which we have been studying very carefully - these things don’t have bodies: instead, they manifest their consciousness to a limited extent in gifted people’s psyches. That sounds a lot like reincarnation to me. How long could such a creature live? Maybe a short time. Maybe forever. We know these things like to keep a low profile, but they aren’t perfect at it. We discovered this one by accident, and in response, it rapidly created a religious cult to defend itself and started distorting reality to advance its goals. Surely this could have happened before. Why are we so certain that this is a new phenomenon? Maybe a lot of the other “secret societies” and “magical orders” that existed throughout history started in exactly the same way. Somebody noticed one of these creatures doing something inexplicable, they reacted to defend themselves, and next thing you know we have a secret cult of influential people all learning magic from their new extradimensional mentor. In other words, exactly like what is starting to happen now. It’s like this thing didn’t even bother to change its MO. (Laughs wildly.) And hey, why would it? Some things are so well optimized that they hardly ever need to change. They go through existence unchanged by evolution because they are already perfectly evolved.
What part of the Incident would you categorize as paranormal or outside the bounds of understanding?
Haven’t you been listening? Pretty much everything about the incident defies explanation. We have prophecies coming true, clairvoyance, strange psychic dreams, vast conspiracies, strange transhuman cults, and fringe science. I know what you’re thinking: I was in this from the start, so supposedly I was one of the people most heavily impacted by the mental effect of the Incident. But the truth is that the only thing I was impacted by is the understanding that our entire understanding of reality is a lie. Who wouldn’t be impacted by that?
submitted by SocratesScissors to scarystories [link] [comments]

6 Reasons Why Serum Won't Succeed

6 Reasons Why Serum Won't Succeed

The world of DeFi is exploding but is it all it’s made out to be?

DeFi (decentralised finance) is most certainly the buzz in the crypto world this minute. It’s bringing similar feelings which was the 2017/18 ICO phase, where a mammoth of new projects begun to explode onto the scene, each with their own promise of new innovation and use case.
Hindsight has shown us that most of those projects have ultimately failed, or worse, were outright scams that took advantage of not so wise investors looking to make a buck. Obviously, not all projects fit that description, with many teams still around today working on and delivering their individual visions. Crypto is, after all, still a big experiment of new technology.

Enter DeFi: Serum

DeFi has exploded into the limelight over the last few months, with some tokens appreciating hundreds of percent in price. It appears to be the catalyst that has driven a huge market shift in the crypto world, and for those who’ve been around a number of years, this is a welcome change.
In this piece, I’m going to examine a particular project called Serum.
Serum is the world’s first completely decentralized derivatives exchange with trustless cross-chain trading brought to you by Project Serum.
The Serum Project is aiming to create both a decentralised exchange and a cross-chain swapping mechanism. In this article, I’m going to focus solely on the cross-chain swapping aspect of Serum.
Although the Serum whitepaper is quite short and lacking in detail, it is useful to derive some understanding of how the cross-chain swapping protocol should work. Throughout this review, I will use it to describe how the imagined protocol works.

Overview

Let's assume Alice wants to trade some BTC for ETH and Bob wants to trade some ETH for BTC using Serum. These two users are matched and agree on a price using an on-chain order book on the Solana blockchain (whitepaper provides no practical details on how to do this).
Once these users are matched, Bob must send the ETH he wants to trade to an Ethereum smart contract, plus some amount of ETH ~200 USD worth (see section 4 below) to the smart contract as collateral. Alice will also need to send some collateral to the smart contract. Once this initial setup process is complete Alice then has to send her BTC to Bob’s BTC address and if Bob receives the BTC from Alice he can then release his ETH from the smart contract sending it to Alice’s ETH address. Upon completion of this both Alice and Bob are refunded their ETH collateral.
So what happens if something goes wrong? For example, say Alice never sends BTC to Bob, after some period of time Bob can initiate a dispute. When the dispute begins both Alice and Bob present a portion of the Bitcoin blockchain information to the smart contract (see section 3). The smart contract then decides whether or not Alice did send BTC to Bob. If she hasn’t then the smart contract returns Bob's ETH and collateral to Bob and also takes Alice’s ETH collateral and gives that to Bob. The same occurs in reverse if Alice sends BTC but Bob never approves the transfer of ETH from the smart contract.
This scheme seems pretty simple, there’s no oracles and no centralised parties, however, it has a number of disadvantages.

1. User-Provided Collateral Is Bad for User Experience

Each time a user conducts a swap they must reserve some percentage or fixed amount to cover the collateral for the swap. This collateral amount needs to be present to prevent griefing attacks where users initiate swaps with no intention of ever following through and sending funds to the alternate participant.
However, this creates a poor user experience as both Alice and Bob need to have at least the value of the dispute fee committed to the contract in collateral before they conduct a swap. This is totally foreign from the normal exchange experience in which you only require a single coin and a single transaction to begin trading. For example, if using Serum to trade Bitcoin you would need to hold Bitcoin and ~200$ of Ethereum and also interact with the Ethereum chain before any swap occurs. This adds unnecessary complexity and confusion, especially for newcomers to the crypto space.

2. ETH Must Always Be on One Side of the Swap

Although the Serum method of cross-chain swapping could occur on any blockchain with smart contracts, the Serum whitepaper makes it clear the Serum arbitration contract is going to be deployed on the Ethereum blockchain. This means one party must always be locking the full value of the trade in ETH using an Ethereum smart contract.
This makes it impossible, for example, to do a single step trade between Bitcoin and Monero since the swap would need to be from Bitcoin to ETH first and then from ETH to Monero. This is comparable to other proposed cross-chain swap systems like Thorchain and Blockswap, however since those networks use AMM’s (automated market makers)and decentralized vaults to take custody of funds, the user needs not to interact with the intermediary chain at all.
Instead in Serum, the user wanting to swap Bitcoin to Monero will need to do the following steps:
  1. Send Ethereum collateral to the Serum arbitration contract
  2. Send Bitcoin to the user they are swapping with.
  3. Receive Ethereum
  4. Send Ethereum back to Serum arbitration contract
  5. Receive Monero
  6. Send Ethereum out of Serum arbitration contract
  7. Receive back Ethereum collateral
It might be possible to remove or simplify step 4, depending on how the smart contract is built, however, this means a swap from BTC to Monero would require 2 Ethereum and 1 Bitcoin transaction in the best-case scenario. Compared with the experience of other cross-chain swapping mechanisms, which only require the user to send a single transaction to swap between two assets, this is very poor user experience.

3. Proving Transactions on Arbitrary Chains to a Smart Contract Is Not Trivial

Perhaps the most central part of the Serum cross-chain swapping mechanism is left completely unexplored in the Serum whitepaper with only a brief explanation given.
“[The] Smart Contract is programmed to parse whether a proposed BTC blockchain is valid; it can then check which of Alice and Bob send the longer valid blockchain, and settle in their favor”
This is not a trivial problem, and it is unclear how this actually works from the explanation given in the Serum whitepaper. What actually needs to be presented to the smart contract to prove a Bitcoin transaction? Typically when talking about SPV the smart contract would need the block headers of all previous blocks and a merkle inclusion proof. This is far too heavy to submit in a dispute. Instead, Serum could use NIPoPoW, however, these proofs only work on chains with fixed difficulty and are still probably prohibitively too large (~100KB) to be submitted as a proof to a contract. Other solutions like Flyclient are more versatile, but proof sizes are much larger and have failed to see much real-world adoption.
Without explaining how they actually plan to do this validation of Bitcoin transactions, users are left in the dark about how secure their solution actually is.

4. High Dispute Fees Force Large Collateral on Small Trades

Although disputes should almost never happen because of the incentives and punishments designed into the Serum protocol, the way they are designed has negative impacts on the use of the network.
Although the Serum whitepaper does not say how the dispute mechanism works, they do say that it will cost about ~100 USD in GAS to dispute a swap.
Note: keep in mind that the Serum paper was published in July 2020 when the gas price was about 50 Gwei, as Ethereum use has picked up over the past month we have seen average GAS prices as high as 250 Gwei, with the average price right now about 120 Gwei.
This means that at the height of GAS prices it could have cost a user ~500 USD to dispute a swap.
This means for the network to ensure losing cross-chain swaps aren’t made each user must deploy at least $200 in collateral on each side. It may be possible to lower this to collateral if we assume the attacker is not financially motivated, however, there is a lower bound in which ransom attacks become possible on low-value trades.
Further and perhaps more damagingly, this means in a trade of any size the user needs to have at least 300 USD in ETH laying around. 100 USD in ETH for the required collateral and 200 USD if they need to challenge the transaction.
This further adds to the poor user experience when using Serum for cross-chain swapping.

5. Swaps Are Not Set and Forget

Instead of being able to send a transaction and receive funds on the blockchain you are swapping to, the process is highly interactive. In the case where I am swapping ETH for Bitcoin, the following occurs:
If the Bitcoin transaction is never received then I need to wait for a timeout to occur before I can participate in the dispute process.
And on the Bitcoin side (assuming the seller is ready), the following must take place:
If the Seller never accepts the Bitcoin I sent to him then I need to wait on line for the dispute process.
This presents a strange user experience where the seller or seller’s wallet must be left online during this whole process and be ready to sign a new transaction if they need to dispute transactions or unlock funds from a smart contract.
This is different from the typical exchange or swapping scenario in which, once your funds are sent you can be assured you will receive the amount you expected in your swap back to you, without any of your wallets needing to remain online.

6. The Serum Token Seems to Lack a Use Case

The cross-chain swapping protocol Serum describes in its whitepaper could easily be forked and launched on the Ethereum blockchain without having any need for the Serum token. It seems that the Serum token will be used in some capacity when placing orders on the Solana based blockchain, however, the order book could just as easily be placed off with traditional rate-limiting schemes.
There is some brief mention of future governance abilities for token holders, however, as a common theme in their whitepaper, details are scarce:
Serum is anticipated to include a limited governance model based on the SRM token. While most of the Serum ecosystem will be immutable, some parameters without large security risks (e.g. future fees) may be modified via a governance vote of SRM tokens.

Conclusion

Until satisfactory answers are given to these questions I would be looking at other projects who are attempting to build platforms for cross-chain swaps. As previously mentioned, Thorchain & Blockswap show some promise in design, whilst there are some others competing in this space too, such as Incognito and RenVM. However, this area is still extremely immature so plenty of testing and time is required before we can call any of these projects a success.
If you’ve got any feedback or thoughts about Serum, cross-chain swapping or DeFi in general, please don’t be shy in leaving a comment.
submitted by Loooong_Loooong_Man to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrencies in the Era of COVID-19 (Part One)

Cryptocurrencies in the Era of COVID-19 (Part One)

https://preview.redd.it/cscwryttr4o51.jpg?width=2560&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ddd90997810c0cc46cf8e6b5cac534cd8f9c796f
To speak of “post-COVID” is not only premature, but perpetuates the myth that the mere passage of time will lead to some kind of universal recovery. The reality is rather more harsh. Currently, the only positive dynamic at work is that the patient will learn to cope with the symptoms of a congenital condition, until, and if, the underlying problem can be resolved. While we would prefer otherwise, this is the Era of COVID.
The opening up of Europe’s Mediterranean tourist industry in the summer of 2020 was always going to increase the rate of COVID transmission, but the experiment was justified in terms of local economic dependency on foreign visitors vis-a-vis the health costs, the degree of disease impact, and overly testing the limits of voluntary social distancing.
From the perspective of the pathogen, however, absolutely nothing has changed. In terms of global polity, economic policy and social welfare, everything has changed, is changing, and may well end up creating scenarios out of all recognition.
Critical to appreciating the “why?” of this reorientation is the recognition that only a raft of temporary, but wholly unsustainable macroeconomic policies, have kept the global economy functioning. The problem, however, is that it is a bit like cheating a wise man. You only get away with it once. Thereafter you have to accept realities and manage how they play out as best as you can.
Central to the latter is the fact that until a vaccine is developed, ours is the era of socio-economic COVID-19 management. All other determinations derive from where they stand in regards this polarity; the spread of the disease on the one part and the damage done to the global economy on the other. The balance between lives and livelihoods. In reality the two are not finally distinct. The acceptance of higher COVID-19 infection will have economic costs both over the short and long term. The worry is that these could be far, far greater than many currently anticipate. Critically, that those people with mild or no symptoms today, could develop significant health problems in their tens of millions as they get older. That the virus lays dormant at a cellular level but surfaces to cause physical problems in the future, negatively impacting the functioning of vital organs, including the brain. As this happens the economic costs will become significant.
To restate. Temporary economic measures funded by quantitative easing have allowed the global economy to maintain a degree of normalcy, but over time these will inevitably weaken the economy they were designed to protect. In similitude, the temporary relief of putting short term spending needs on the credit card eventually crashes into the wall of maximised indebtedness. The consequence is either the hardship of paying back what has been borrowed, or simply walking away from the debt and being cut off from credit thereafter.
The last time the global economy faced anything like this level of catastrophic dialectic was after the two world wars. For the people of Germany and France coins and banknotes were minted with ever greater number of zeros, but ever reduced buying power. In the end these currencies were simply abandoned—replaced with the Reichsmark and nouveau franc respectively. The former at a rate of one trillion (sic) to one! Stability resulted, but it must be underscored, because the printing presses were turned off.
The trick was to introduce a medium of exchange whose physical number was very tightly defined and limited. As long as the temptation to cheat when you run out of money is resisted, all will be well. All this may prefigure a nouveau dollar, digital yuan or an altogether different scenario may unfold.
This is where the current locus of speculation—financial and theoretical— currently lies.
Any considerations in these respects needs to take into account the following factors as delimiting the parameters of probable outcomes:
  • Structural shifts in global economic activity away from travel, leisure, tourism, some automotive and manufacturing towards health, security, robotics, datacom and a range of advanced technologies. This not only portends shifts in investment between sectors, but more graphically, shifts in wealth between regions and nations.
  • Growing tensions within the European Union. With many of the southern states so highly dependent on tourism, significantly declining income will further exacerbate the north-south wealth gap, and thus tensions over budgetary redistribution.
  • Structural shifts in global geo-politics and trade away from multilateralism towards bilateralism, supply chain security, high-tech protectionism and hegemonic alliances.
  • A new era of Western statism necessary to reduce the threat of a severe economic depression. This will be directed to enhanced infrastructure projects, support for advanced, green and digital technologies, new strategies on preventative and remote health care, and internal security and surveillance.
  • Social acceptance of greater government intrusion and regulation as the price of minimising the impact of COVID, future pandemic threats and economic downturn.
More important than any of these are the underlying shift towards new orthodoxies at the expense of tearing up the old order. This not only includes the fundamentals of government macroeconomic theory (and thus policy) but the rules underpinning all commercial and currency infrastructures. “Fundamental” because the three are inextricably linked, yet autonomous enough for one to affect the other with a potential impact so dramatic it is difficult to overstate.
These paradigms are so new, and their final impact so remote, that the most significant element of their existence is easily missed: A year ago such a narrative would have been viewed as sheer lunacy. A year from now so obvious as to merit an historical footnote. Emerging from the rabbit hole everything will be different. Everything is up in the air and everyone is scrambling to find an anchor.
In the meanwhile, popular investment ethos is myopic, entirely oblivious to the undercurrents which will mark the end of the status quo. Somewhere along the line, a soaring Stockmarket has become an end in itself. Wealth, the mere addition of fiat zeros.
The intention of the original cryptocurrency was to sidestep this fallacy. To extricate and preserve real wealth from constantly shifting foundations. Like all ideals, it has been imperfectly realised. No one can deny that the meteoric rise in Bitcoins’ value from $327 to almost $12,000 (at the time of writing) reflects some degree of speculation, but it also reflects substantive, intelligibly based doubts as to the fundamentals sustaining fiat currencies. They may still exist in five or ten years, but what will they tangibly be worth?
Eventual outcomes here—including which cryptocurrencies prove their worth —will be determined by our collective actions. History reveals that whatever divergences take place, in the end the solid and substantial always win out. Lies are exposed and tyranny eventually falls. Shaky assets yield to solid. Bad money drives good to a premium.
(Subsequent additions to this article will examine critical factors determining the path of cryptocurrency evolution in the era of COVID as these arise, including government regulations).
submitted by JamesFXF to FXF [link] [comments]

Mega eTextbooks release thread (part-28)! Find your textbooks here between $5-$25 :)

Please find the list below:
  1. Disease Gene Identification: Methods and Protocols, 2nd Edition: Johanna K. DiStefano
  2. Statistical Aspects of the Microbiological Examination of Foods, 3rd Edition: Basil Jarvis
  3. Revel for Social Problems, 14th Edition: Stanley Eitzen & Maxine Baca Zinn & Kelly Ei Smith
  4. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management: Pearson New International Edition, 3rd Edition: Gary Dessler
  5. Economics Today: The Micro View, 18th Edition: Roger LeRoy Miller
  6. Employment Law for Business, 8th Edition: Dawn Bennett-Alexander & Laura Hartman
  7. Surgical Exposures in Orthopaedics: The Anatomic Approach, 5th Edition: Stanley Hoppenfeld & Piet de Boer & Richard Buckley
  8. Project Management in Construction, 7th Edition: Sidney Levy
  9. Financial and Managerial Accounting, 7th Edition: John Wild & Ken Shaw & Barbara Chiappetta
  10. Handbook of Plant Disease Identification and Management, 1st Edition: Balaji Aglave
  11. Ubuntu Unleashed 2019 Edition: Covering 18.04, 18.10, 19.04, 13th Edition: Matthew Helmke
  12. Handbook of Insulin Therapies, 1st Edition: Winston Crasto & Janet Jarvis & Melanie J. Davies
  13. Python for Programmers: with Big Data and Artificial Intelligence Case Studies, 1st Edition: Paul J. Deitel & Harvey Deitel
  14. Medical Ethics: Accounts of Ground-Breaking Cases, 7th Edition: Gregory Pence
  15. Human Resource Management, 13th Edition: Gary Dessler
  16. The Biology and Therapeutic Application of Mesenchymal Cells, 2 Volume Set, 1st Edition: Kerry Atkinson
  17. Computer Security Fundamentals, 3rd Edition: William Chuck Easttom
  18. Hendee's Radiation Therapy Physics, 4th Edition: Todd Pawlicki & Daniel J. Scanderbeg & George Starkschall
  19. Nutrient Delivery, 1st Edition: Alexandru Grumezescu
  20. Technology Entrepreneurship: Taking Innovation to the Marketplace, 2nd Edition: Thomas N. Duening & Robert A. Hisrich & Michael A. Lechter
  21. Chemistry of Metalloproteins: Problems and Solutions in Bioinorganic Chemistry, 1st Edition: Joseph J. Stephanos & Anthony W. Addison
  22. Mathematical Statistics with Applications in R, 2nd Edition: Kandethody M. Ramachandran & Chris P. Tsokos
  23. Diagnostic Imaging: Genitourinary, 3rd Edition: Mitchell E. Tublin
  24. Comprehensive Management of Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain and Spine, 1st Edition: Robert F. Spetzler & Douglas S. Kondziolka & Randall T. Higashida & M. Yashar S. Kalani
  25. Digital Design: With an Introduction to the Verilog HDL, 5th Edition: M. Morris R. Mano & Michael D. Ciletti
  26. Plasmids: Biology and Impact in Biotechnology and Discovery, 1st Edition: Marcelo E. Tolmasky & Juan C. Alonso
  27. Consumer Behavior: Buying, Having, and Being, Global Edition, 12th Edition: Michael R. Solomon
  28. Project Management Case Studies, 5th Edition: Harold Kerzner
  29. Medical Phisiology: Principles for Clinical Medicine, 4th Edition: Rodney A. Rhoades & David R. Bell
  30. Essentials of Contemporary Management, 7th Edition: Gareth Jones & Jennifer George
  31. Harmony and Voice Leading, 4th Edition: Thomas E. Benjamin & Michael Horvit & Robert S. Nelson
  32. Principles of Economics, 2nd Edition: Lee Coppock & Dirk Mateer
  33. Oral Microbiology and Immunology, 2nd Edition: Richard J. Lamont & George N. Hajishengallis & Howard F. Jenkinson
  34. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine, 5th Edition: Scott W. Atlas
  35. Accounting Information Systems: Controls and Processes, 3rd Edition: Leslie Turner & Andrea B. Weickgenannt & Mary Kay Copeland
  36. Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility: Sustainable Value Creation, 5th Edition: David Chandler
  37. Julien's Primer of Drug Action: A Comprehensive Guide to the Actions, Uses, and Side Effects of Psychoactive Drugs, 14th Edition: Claire D. Advokat & Joseph Comaty & Robert Julien
  38. The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy And Its Geostrategic Imperatives, 1st Edition: Zbigniew Brzezinski
  39. The Cosmic Perspective: The Solar System, 8th Edition: Jeffrey O. Bennett & Megan O. Donahue & Nicholas Schneider & Mark Voit
  40. Ultrastructure Atlas of Human Tissues, 1st Edition: Fred Hossler
  41. Advances in the Biology and Management of Modern Bed Bugs, 1st Edition: Stephen L. Doggett & Dini M. Miller & Chow-Yang Lee
  42. Patterns of World History: Volume One: To 1600, 1st Edition: Peter von Sivers & Charles A. Desnoyers & George B. Stow
  43. Genitourinary Imaging: A Core Review, 1st Edition: Matthew Davenport
  44. Evidence-based Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1st Edition: Errol R. Norwitz & Carolyn M. Zelop & David A. Miller & David L. Keefe
  45. Zoology, 10th Edition: Stephen Miller & John Harley
  46. Radical and Reconstructive Gynecologic Cancer Surgery, 1st Edition: Robert Bristow & Dennis Chi
  47. Davis's Diseases & Disorders A Nursing Therapeutics Manual, 6th Edition: Marilyn Sawyer Sommers
  48. Management & Cost Accounting, 6th Edition: Alnoor Bhimani
  49. Elements of Modern Algebra, 8th Edition: Linda Gilbert
  50. Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, 4th Edition: Katie Evans & Debra Nizette & Anthony O'Brien
  51. Molecular Biology: Different Facets, 1st Edition: Anjali Priyadarshini & Prerna Pandey
  52. Elementary Number Theory, 7th Edition: David Burton
  53. Accounting Information Systems, 14th Edition: Marshall B. Romney & Paul J. Steinbart
  54. Microeconomics, Global Edition, 9th Edition: Robert Pindyck & Daniel Rubinfeld
  55. Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Demystified, 1st Edition: Jim Keogh
  56. Entrepreneurship, 10th Edition: Robert Hisrich & Michael Peters & Dean Shepherd
  57. Ganong's Review of Medical Physiology, 26th Edition: Kim E. Barrett & Susan M. Barman & Jason Yuan & Heddwen L. Brooks
  58. Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: A life course approach, 1st Edition: Eric A.P. Steegers & Bart C.J.M. Fauser & Carina G.J.M. Hilders
  59. Engineering Mechanics: Statics, 8th Edition: James L. Meriam & L. G. Kraige & J. N. Bolton
  60. Basic Concepts of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, 8th Edition: Louise Rebraca Shives
  61. Beckmann and Ling's Obstetrics and Gynecology, 8th Edition: Robert Casanova
  62. Biology: Concepts and Applications, 10th Edition: Cecie Starr & Christine Evers & Lisa Starr
  63. Estimating in Building Construction, 9th Edition: Steven J. Peterson & Frank R. Dagostino
  64. The Big Back Book: Tips & Tricks for Therapists, 1st Edition: Jane Johnson
  65. University Physics with Modern Physics, 14th Edition: Hugh D. Young & Roger A. Freedman
  66. Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 7th Edition: Kent Olson & Ilene Anderson & Neal Benowitz & Paul Blanc
  67. Koneman's Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, 7th Edition: Gary W. Procop
  68. Experimental Psychology, 7th Edition: Anne Myers & Christine H. Hansen
  69. Marketing: An Introduction, 13th Edition: Gary Armstrong & Philip Kotler
  70. Gray's Anatomy for Students: With Student Consult, 3rd Edition: Richard Drake & A. Wayne Vogl & Adam W. M. Mitchell
  71. Chestnut's Obstetric Anesthesia: Principles and Practice, 5th Edition: David H. Chestnut & Cynthia A Wong & Lawrence C Tsen & Warwick D Ngan Kee & Yaakov Beilin & Jill Mhyre
  72. Chemistry: The Molecular Science, 5th Edition: John W. Moore & Conrad L. Stanitski
  73. Head, Neck and Dental Emergencies, 2nd Edition: Mike Perry
  74. Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children, 10th Edition: Marilyn J. Hockenberry & David Wilson
  75. Sports Emergency Care: A Team Approach, 3rd Edition: Robb Rehberg & Jeff G. Konin
  76. New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century, 10th Edition: Stephen Spinelli & Rob Adams
  77. Caring for the Vulnerable: Perspectives in Nursing Theory, Practice, and Research, 5th Edition: Mary de Chesnay & Barbara Anderson
  78. Geometry: The Line and the Circle: Maureen T. Carroll & Elyn Rykken
  79. Histories of Human Engineering: Tact and Technology: Maarten Derksen
  80. Land Restoration: Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future, 1st Edition: Ilan Chabay & Martin Frick & Jennifer Helgeson
  81. Yamada's Handbook of Gastroenterology, 3rd Edition: Tadataka Yamada & John M. Inadomi & Renuka Bhattacharya & Jason A. Dominitz & Joo Ha Hwang
  82. Theoretical Physics 9: Fundamentals of Many-body Physics, 2nd Edition: Wolfgang Nolting & William D. Brewer
  83. Introduction to Programming with C++, 3rd Edition: Y. Daniel Liang
  84. Dental Emergencies, 1st Edition: Mark Greenwood & Ian Corbett
  85. Fundamentals of Physics and Chemistry of the Atmosphere, 2nd Edition: Guido Visconti
  86. Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 3rd Edition: William L. Briggs & Lyle Cochran & Bernard Gillett & Eric Schulz
  87. Educating Physical Therapists, 1st Edition: Gail Jensen
  88. Strategic Developments in Eurasia After 11 September, 1st Edition: Shireen Hunter
  89. Contemporary Issues in Healthcare Law and Ethics, 4th Edition: Dean Harris
  90. Transitioning from RN to MSN: Principles of Professional Role Development: Brenda Scott & Mindy Thompson
  91. Principles and Practice of Public Health Surveillance, 3rd Edition: Lisa M. Lee & Steven M. Teutsch & Stephen B. Thacker & Michael E. St. Louis
  92. Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World, 6th Edition: Ron Larson & Betsy Farber
  93. Human Sexuality in a World of Diversity, 6th Canadian Edition: Spencer A. Rathus & Jeffrey S. Nevid & Lois Fichner-Rathus & Alex McKay & Robin Milhausen
  94. Becoming Your Own Banker, 6th Edition: R. Nelson Nash
  95. Murach's MySQL, 3rd Edition: Joel Murach
  96. Intermediate Algebra, 13th Edition: Marvin L. Bittinger & Judith A. Beecher & Barbara L. Johnson
  97. Planning Health Promotion Programs: An Intervention Mapping Approach, 4th Edition: L. Kay Bartholomew Eldredge & Christine M. Markham & Robert A. C. Ruiter & Maria E. Fernández & Gerjo Kok & Guy S. Parcel
  98. Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems, 3rd Edition: Robert W. Proctor & Trisha Van Zandt
  99. The Irony of Democracy: An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics, 17th Edition: Louis Schubert & Thomas R. Dye & Harmon Zeigler
  100. Understanding Earth, 7th Edition: John Grotzinger
  101. Nursing Research in Canada: Methods, Critical Appraisal, and Utilization, 4th Edition: Geri LoBiondo-Wood & Judith Haber & Cherylyn Cameron & Mina Singh
  102. The Philosophy of Film, 1st Edition: Thomas E. Wartenberg & Angela Curran
  103. Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness, 4th Edition: Tener Goodwin Veenema
  104. Language in Mind: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics, 2nd Edition: Julie Sedivy
  105. Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach, 3rd Edition: Andrea S. Wiley & John S. Allen
  106. Exploring Biology in the Laboratory, 3rd Edition: Murray P. Pendarvis & John L. Crawley
  107. Guide to Networking Essentials, 8th Edition: Greg Tomsho
  108. Social Psychology: A Storytelling Approach, 2nd Edition: Leonard Newman & Ralph Erber
  109. Managing Conflict: An Introspective Journey to Negotiating Skills, 1st Edition: Dorothy Balancio
  110. Environmental Change and Challenge: A Canadian Perspective, 5th Edition: Philip Dearden & Bruce Mitchell
  111. Brain and Behavior: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective, 1st Edition: David Eagleman & Jonathan Downar
  112. Cardiac/Vascular Nurse Exam Secrets Study Guide: Cardiac/Vascular Nurse Test Review for the Cardiac/Vascular Nurse Exam: Mometrix Media & Cardiac Vascular Nurse Exam Secrets
  113. Keeping the Republic: Power and Citizenship in American Politics, The Essentials, 9th Edition: Christine Barbour & Gerald Wright
  114. Principles of Environmental Science, 9th Edition: William Cunningham & Mary Cunningham
  115. Thomas' Calculus, 14th Edition: Joel R. Hass & Christopher E. Heil & Maurice D. Weir
  116. Pharmacology for Canadian Pharmacy Technicians, 1st Edition: Leland Norman Holland & Michael P. Adams & Jeanine Lynn Brice & Heather V. LeBlanc
  117. Cellular and Molecular Immunology, 9th Edition: Abul K. Abbas & Andrew H. Lichtman & Shiv Pillai
  118. Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 11th Edition: Lee J. Krajewski & Manoj K. Malhotra & Larry P. Ritzman
  119. Jews, Christians, Muslims: A Comparative Introduction to Monotheistic Religions, 2nd Edition: John Corrigan & Frederick Denny & Martin S Jaffee & Carlos Eire
  120. Professional Nursing: Concepts & Challenges, 9th Edition: Beth Black
  121. Practical Homicide Investigation: Tactics, Procedures, and Forensic Techniques, 4th Edition: Vernon J. Geberth
  122. Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes and Systems, 7th Edition: Mikell P. Groover
  123. Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, 7th Edition: Benjamin A. Pierce
  124. Computer Science Illuminated, 7th Edition: Nell Dale & John Lewis
  125. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, 8th Edition: John Baylis & Steve Smith & Patricia Owens
  126. Behavioral Neuroscience, 9th Edition: S. Marc Breedlove & Neil V. Watson
  127. Canadian Human Resource Management: A Strategic Approach, 12th Edition: Hermann Schwind & Krista Uggerslev & Terry Wagar & Neil Fassina
  128. Brief Principles of Macroeconomics, 9th Edition: N. Gregory Mankiw
  129. Living in the Environment, 4th Canadian Edition: G. Miller & Dave Hackett & Carl Wolfe
  130. Principles of Economics, 9th Edition: N. Gregory Mankiw
  131. Principles of Microeconomics, 9th Edition: N. Gregory Mankiw
  132. Child Development, 9th Edition: Laura E. Berk
  133. Home, School, and Community Collaboration: Culturally Responsive Family Engagement, 4th Edition: Kathy Beth Grant & Julie A. Ray
  134. Set Lighting Technician's Handbook, 4th Edition: Harry Box
  135. Clinical Nurse Leader Certification Review, 2nd Edition: Cynthia R. King
  136. Basic Chemistry, 4th Edition: Karen C. Timberlake & William Timberlake
  137. Sparks & Taylor's Nursing Diagnosis Pocket Guide, 3rd Edition: Linda Phelps
  138. Family Theories: Foundations and Applications, 1st Edition: Katherine R. Allen & Angela C. Henderson
  139. The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, 7th Edition: Richard Bulliet & Pamela Crossley & Daniel Headrick & Steven Hirsch & Lyman Johnson
  140. Sociology in Action: A Canadian Perspective, 3rd Edition: Tami Bereska & Diane Symbaluk
  141. Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 12th Edition: Lee J. Krajewski & Manoj K. Malhotra & Larry P. Ritzman
  142. Introduction to Food Science and Food Systems, 2nd Edition: Rick Parker & Miriah Pace
  143. Liaisons, Student Edition: An Introduction to French, 3rd Edition: Wynne Wong & Stacey Weber-Fève & Bill VanPatten
  144. Zuckerman Parker Handbook of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics for Primary Care, 4th Edition: Marilyn Augustyn & Barry Zuckerman
  145. Teaching in Today's Inclusive Classrooms: A Universal Design for Learning Approach, 3rd Edition: Richard M. Gargiulo & Debbie Metcalf
  146. The Biological Basis of Mental Health, 3rd Edition: William T. Blows
  147. Developing and Managing Electronic Collections: The Essentials: Peggy Johnson
  148. Western Civilization: Volume II: Since 1500, 10th Edition: Jackson J. Spielvogel
  149. Talking to Strangers: What We Should Know about the People We Don't Know, 1st Edition: Malcolm Gladwell
  150. Understanding Pathophysiology, 7th Edition: Sue E. Huether & Kathryn L. McCance
  151. Our Environment: A Canadian Perspective, 5th edition: Dianne Draper & Ann Zimmerman
  152. Criminal Law: Cases and Materials, 8th Edition: John Kaplan & Robert Weisberg & Guyora Binder
  153. A Photographic Atlas of Histology, 2nd Edition: Michael J Leboffe
  154. Dragons and Tigers: A Geography of South, East, and Southeast Asia, 3rd Edition: Barbara A. Weightman
  155. Climate Change Biology, 1st Edition: Jonathan A. Newman & Madhur Anand & Hugh A. L. Henry & Shelley L. Hunt & Ze'ev Gedalof
  156. The Power of Critical Thinking: 5th Canadian Edition: Chris MacDonald and Lewis Vaughn
  157. Principles of Fire Behavior and Combustion, 4th Edition: Richard Gann & Raymond Friedman
  158. Informatics Nurse Exam Secrets Study Guide: Informatics Test Review for the Informatics Nurse Certification Exam: Informatics Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  159. General Chemistry, 10th Edition: Darrell Ebbing & Steven D. Gammon
  160. A Practical Guide to Computer Forensics Investigations, 1st Edition: Darren R. Hayes
  161. Basic Biomechanics, 8th Edition: Susan Hall
  162. Essay Writing for Canadian Students, 8th Edition: Roger Davis & Laura K. Davis
  163. Biology, 11th Edition: Peter Raven & George Johnson & Kenneth Mason & Jonathan Losos & Susan Singer
  164. Molecular Imaging, 1st Edition: Ralph Weissleder& Brian D. Ross & Alnawaz Rehemtulla & Sanjiv Sam Gambhir
  165. Criminology, 4th Edition: Frank Schmalleger
  166. A Theory of Truthmaking: Metaphysics, Ontology, and Reality: Jamin Asay
  167. The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding, 1st Edition: Michael J. Raven
  168. Linear Algebra and Its Applications, 5th Edition: David C. Lay & Steven R. Lay & Judi J. McDonald
  169. Essentials of Human Communication, 9th Edition: Joseph A. DeVito
  170. Economics: Principles, Applications, and Tools, 9th Edition, Global Edition: Arthur O'Sullivan & Steven Sheffrin & Stephen Perez
  171. Global Health 101, 3rd Edition: Richard Skolnik
  172. Mathematical Proofs: A Transition to Advanced Mathematics, 4th Edition: Gary Chartrand & Albert D. Polimeni & Ping Zhang
  173. Concepts in Strategic Management and Business Policy: Globalization, Innovation and Sustainability, 15th Edition, Global Edition: Thomas L. Wheelen & J. David Hunger & Alan N. Hoffman & Charles E. Bamford
  174. Chemistry: The Central Science, 14th Edition, Global Edition: Theodore E. Brown & H. Eugene LeMay & Bruce E. Bursten & Catherine Murphy & Patrick Woodward & Matthew E. Stoltzfus
  175. Biopsychology, 10th Edition, Global Edition: John P. J. Pinel & Steven Barnes
  176. Electric Circuits, 11th Edition: James W. Nilsson & Susan Riedel
  177. Keeping the Republic; Power and Citizenship in American Politics, the Essentials, 8th Edition: Christine Barbour & Gerald C Wright
  178. Applied Behavior Analysis: Pearson New International Edition, 2nd Edition: John O. Cooper & Timothy E. Heron & William L. Heward
  179. Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practice, 7th Edition, Global Edition: William Stallings
  180. Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles, 9th Edition, Global Edition: William Stallings
  181. Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives, 9th Edition, Global Edition: John C. Hull
  182. Invitation to the Psychology of Religion, 3rd Edition: Raymond F. Paloutzian
  183. Valuation: The Art and Science of Corporate Investment Decisions, 3rd Edition: Sheridan Titman
  184. Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology, 5th Edition: Richard J. Johnson & John Feehally & Jurgen Floege
  185. Miller & Freund's Probability and Statistics for Engineers, 9th Edition, Global Edition: Richard Johnson & Irwin Miller & John Freund
  186. Exploring Strategy: Text and Cases, 11th Edition: Gerry Johnson & Richard Whittington & Patrick Regnér & Kevan Scholes & Duncan Angwin
  187. Economics for Business, 7th Edition: John Sloman
  188. Essentials of Economics, 7th Edition: John Sloman & Dean Garratt
  189. Economics, 9th Edition: John Sloman & Dean Garratt & Alison Wride
  190. Essential Economics for Business, 5th Edition: Johnsloman & Jones Elizabeth
  191. Finite Mathematics, 7th Edition: Stefan Waner & Steven Costenoble
  192. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security, and Privacy, 1st Edition: Bruce A. Arrigo
  193. Evolution, 4th Edition: Douglas J. Futuyma & Mark Kirkpatrick
  194. Adult Development and Aging, 7th Edition: John C. Cavanaugh & Fredda Blanchard-Fields
  195. Foundations of Finance, 9th Edition, Global Edition: Arthur J. Keown & John D Martin & J. William Petty
  196. Learning PHP, MySQL & JavaScript: With jQuery, CSS & HTML5, 4th Edition: Robin Nixon
  197. Head First Learn to Code: A Learner's Guide to Coding and Computational Thinking, 1st Edition: Eric Freeman
  198. Learning Swift: Building Apps for macOS, iOS, and Beyond, 3rd Edition: Jonathon Manning & Paris Buttfield-Addison & Tim Nugent
  199. Database Systems: Design, Implementation, & Management, 12th Edition: Carlos Coronel & Steven Morris
  200. Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks, 13th Edition: William Howard & Joseph Musto
  201. Communications Receivers: Principles and Design, 4th Edition: Ulrich Rohde & Jerry Whitaker & Hans Zahnd
  202. Connect Core Concepts in Health, 15th Edition: Paul Insel & Walton Roth
  203. On Course: Strategies for Creating Success in College and in Life, 8th Edition: Skip Downing
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Hyperwave - Examining Bitcoin. Pulling Trigger on S&P 500 and Gold. The Next Challenges of Bitcoin  Stéphane Roche The Next Bitcoin is Bitcoin Marc Kenigsberg at Decentralized 2018 BTYSTE 2018: Tackling FOMO and the future of bitcoin

results of the conducted interviews will be critically analysed, considering the characteristics of Bitcoin as well as potential future scenarios for Bitcoin and the Blockchain technology. Finally, Chapter 5 summa-rises the findings of the current study, as well as the limitations and the corresponding recommendations for future research. Bitcoin is far more than a currency; it is a new technological platform. Currency is just one of many potential applications. Even if bitcoin itself were to fail, its technological breakthrough -- the Bitcoin protocol -- can be used for other applications in computer science. While Bitcoin may suffer from recent events, the technology behind it will continue to find innovative uses. Examining a Cashless Future: Central Bank Digital Currencies and Bitcoin . 2020.05.22 Adam James. On November 8, 2019, Visa filed a patent with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) — which was made public last week — to create digital fiat currency. The solution proposes using a centralized ledger that implements blockchain technology. The system could be applied to any ... Hence considering all these factors and also examining all the various advantages and risks the system possesses it becomes very difficult to predict the future of cryptocurrency bitcoin. The growing acceptability of the payment mode by people regardless of their central banks clearly shows that the gaps in the current system. Banking procedures and ways need to improve before this turns in a ... Bitcoin was built and designed to be directly opposed to the dollar in every way. In a sense, it is its destiny to trade against the dollar until it meets its untimely demise. That demise could very well be beginning thanks to the pandemic, and its fall from glory could also fuel a future where Bitcoin takes its throne.

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Hyperwave - Examining Bitcoin. Pulling Trigger on S&P 500 and Gold.

Hyperwave Channel by Lucid Investment Strategies Co-hosted by D. Tyler Jenks and Leah Wald Lucid Investment Strategies, LLC https://lucidinvestmentstrategies.com Bitcoin ... Chain-in 2018: Blockchain & Cryptocurrency Conference (www.chain-in.org) Abstract: This presentation aims to give a thought to the next technical and non-technical challenges of Bitcoin. After ... Day two of the BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition showed off some of Ireland’s brightest and most curious minds, examining everything from the future of bitcoin mining to humanity’s ... In Athens at Decentralized 2018 by the University of Nicosia, Marc Kenigsberg discusses the future of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency developments. Including examining of past trends and their affect ...

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